Environmental approach aux accents de nature sauvage
The AOP augurs directives use agronomic know how to enhance the quality for interaction between the soil and the wines, and therefore the wines, by using high value environ-mental viticultural practices
In the AOP Faugères, there is no total chemical weeding and the grass is left around the vine plots. The possibility of planting the vines « en gobelet » in the traditional square plot means it is easy to do without herbicides by using caterpillar tractors
Limiting the use of chemical fertilizers especially chlorides, which are toxic for the micro-organisms in the soil which can be directly assimilated (fast increase in growth and yield but also in susceptibility to disease) favoring superficial root growth (reducing drought resistance).
In AOP Faugères, spraying of fertilizer is restricted.
Reduction of pesticide input which disturbs the soil life. Water quality, a major environmental challenge.
In AOP Faugères, wine makers can use common cleaning facilities for sprayers and gape harvesting machines which avoids environmental discharge (almost all cellars are equipped with a system to collect effluent discharge the remaining cellars will have to complu quickly). A partnership with the Water authorities (Agence de l’eau and the SMVOL, Syndicat Mixte des Vallées de l’Orb et du Libron) has allowed the creation of a territorial post, charged with promoting and setting up projects aiming to improve water quality. All these measures have the same aim: to reduce or stop using herbicides, pesticides and chemical fertilizers. Along with agronomic concern, environmental issues such as water quality are a preoccupation here in the appellation territory as elsewhere in France.